Follow Us:
 
A DIAGRAM OF MEXICAN LABOR - HEALTH AND SAFETY
 
A Diagram of Mexican Labor - Health and Safety  

Mexican law is codified - absent is the bewildering maze of competing State and Federal regulations for Health and Safety that manufacturers in the U.S. have to contend with.

FEDERAL LABOR LAW - (Ley Federal Del Trabajo (reformed Dec. 1, 2012)

There is one Labor Law in Mexico; the Federal Labor Law (Ley Federal del Trabajo or LFT) is based on Article 123 of the Constitution of 1917 and is the direct response to the labor abuses that were one of the principal causes of the Mexican Revolution. Labor is the responsibility of the Secretary of Labor and Social Welfare (Secretaría del Trabajo y Previsión Social - STPS).

LAW OF ALIMENTARY ASSISTANCE FOR WORKERS published in the DOF Jan. 17, 2011

There are several Regulations of the Federal Labor Law. The Regulation for Occupational Safety, Health, and Environment  (RFSHMAT) based on LFT Article 133, and the Regulation for the Inspection and Application of Sanctions for Violations of Labor Legislation, based on LFT Articles 550, 992, 1008, 1009.

The NOMs (Normas Oficiales Mexicanas - Official Mexican Standards) detail the procedures and formats for the different sections of the RFSHMAT.

In other words, the RFSHMAT is the outline for Health and Safety in the workplace and the NOMs are the rules and procedures for compliance. These NOMs are NOM-STPS. The NOM classification is, as in the example that follows:

STPS = Secretaría del Trabajo y Previsión Social = Secretary of Labor and Social Welfare which is responsible for Labor, Health and Safety.

There is one Labor Law in Mexico; the Federal Labor Law (Ley Federal del Trabajo or LFT) is based on Article 123 of the Constitution of 1917 and is the direct response to the labor abuses that were one of the principal causes of the Mexican Revolution. Labor is the responsibility of the Secretary of Labor and Social Welfare (Secretaría del Trabajo y Previsión Social - STPS).

REGULATION - Regulations are based on a Law or Laws and are created by the Secretary responsible for the Law. In labor legislation the STPS creates the labor Regulations.

There are 3 Regulations of the Federal Labor Law.

  • The Federal Regulation for Health, Safety, and the Work Environment -- RFSHMAT  

    The objective of the Regulation for Health and Safety is the establishing of the measures necessary for prevention of accidents and illnesses on the job, and its stated aim is  achieving work being performed under conditions of safety, health and adequate environment for the workers.

    The Regulation defines the responsibilities of Employers and employees and serves as the outline for Health and Safety – each one of the Chapters is detailed in the NOMs (STPS) with  procedures, programs, documentation, tests, and verification required in a Health and Safety program that is compliant. The Regulation is the outline for your Health and Safety program, the NOMs are the details

  • General Regulation for the Inspection and Application of Sanctions for Violations of Labor Legislation  (1998)

    This Regulation details the amounts and procedures for implementing fines and sanctions for non-compliance to the Regulation for Health and Safety and the Health and Safety NOMs.

     

  • Regulation of Articles 121 and 122 of the Federal Labor Law

    This is a short Regulation that regulates the rights of workers for formulate an objection to the Tax declaration of a company by which profit sharing is calculated. Articles 121 and 122 are the Articles of the Labor Law which state that workers can file an objection to the Annual tax declaration of companies. This regulation is important to review with Chapter VIII of the Labor Law which has to do with Profit Sharing.

     

A NOM (= Norma Oficial Mexicana = Official Mexican Standard) have the force of Law. They are created by the DGN (= Dirección General de Normas) which is under the authority of the Secretary of Economy (Secretaría de Economía = formerly known as SECOFI) The DGN creates National Consultative Committees integrated by experts, both government and private sector who create NOMs or Standards based on the Laws, and Regulations. The NOMs provide you with the details of compliance, procedures, programs, permits. Each NOM has a designation based on the Secretary responsible for oversight of compliance.  Example: NOM-005-STPS-1998 is a Health and Safety standard. All Health and Safety Standards have a different number but the same "STPS" designation.

NOM-005-STPS-1998

NOM = Norma Oficial Mexicana = Official Mexican Standard

005 = the number of this NOM

STPS = Secretaría de Trabajo y Previsión Social Secretary of Labor and Social Welfare

1998 = The year this NOM was published in the DOF

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DOF = Diario Oficial de la Federación = Official Daily of the Federation

 
NOM-001-STPS-2008, Buildings, locales, installations and workplace areas – Safety Conditions.

RFSHMAT Art 19.

NOM-002-STPS-2010, Safety conditions – Fire prevention and protection in the workplace.
 

RFSHMAT Art. 26

NOM-003-STPS-1999, Agricultural activities –

RFSHMAT Art. 3, 4

NOM-004-STPS-1999, Protection Systems And Safety Devices For Machinery And Equipment Used In The Workplaces

RFSHMAT Art. 29

NOM-005-STPS-1998, Handling, Transport, And Warehousing Of Hazardous Chemical Substances.

RFSHMAT Art. 54

NOM-006-STPS-2000, Handling And Warehousing Of Materials- Safety Procedures And Conditions

RFSHMAT Art. 3, 5, 22

NOM-007-STPS-2000, Agricultural activities –Installations, machinery, equipment, and tools – Safety conditions

RFSHMAT Art. 3, 4

NOM-008-STPS-2001, Activities of best utilization of timber yielding forests and sawmills – Conditions of safety and health. RFSHMAT 4, 17 sections III, V, VII, XIII

NOM-009-STPS-2011, Safety conditions for working at heights.  Published in the DOF May 6, 2011 – effective Aug. 6, 2011

RFSHMAT Art. 35

NOM-010-STPS-1999, Health And Safety Conditions In The Workplace Where Chemical Substances Capable Of Generating Contamination In The Labor Environment Are Handled, Transported, Processed, Or Stored

RFSHMATArt 3, 4, and of 54 – 72

NOM-011-STPS-2001, Noise In The Workplace

RFSHMAT Art. 76

NOM-012-STPS-2012, HEALTH AND SAFETY CONDITIONS IN THE WORKPLACES WHERE SOURCES OF IONIZING RADIATION ARE HANDLED. Published in the DOF on October 30, 2012 and takes effect Feb. 2013 RFSHMAT 3, 4, 79 and 81
NOM-013-STPS-1993. Relative to the health and safety conditions in the workplaces where non-ionizing electromagnetic radiations are generated. RFSHMAT2, 3 and 5
NOM-014-STPS-2000, Labor exposure to abnormal environmental pressures – Health and safety conditions. RFSHMAT 3, 4, and 35

NOM-015-STPS-2001, December 14, 2002 Elevated or lowered thermal conditions

RFSHMAT Art. 93, 94

NOM-016-STPS-2001, Operation and maintenance of railroads – Safety and Health conditions.

RFSHMAT 4 and 17, sections III, V, VII, and XIII
NOM-017-STPS-2008, Personal protective equipment – Selection, use and handling in the work place.

RFSHMAT Art. 101

NOM-018-STPS-2000, System For The Identification And Communication Of Hazards And Risks For Hazardous Chemical Substances In The Work Place.

RFSHMAT Art. 54

NOM-019-STPS-2011, Constitution, integration, organization and operation of the Commissions of Health and Safety Published in the DOF on April 13, 2011

RFSHMAT Art. 123

NOM-020-STPS-2011 Containers subject to pressure, cryogenic containers and generators of steam or boilers – Operation – Safety Conditions Published in the Official Daily of the Federation Dec. 27, 2011  - effective June 27, 2012  modifications to this standard take effect Dec. 1, 2012

IMPORTANT: AS OF DECEMBER 1, 2012 THE FOLLOWING DOCUMENT MUST BE USED FOR THE APPLICATION FOR OPERATING PERMITS FROM THE STPS, OR EXTENSION OF EXISTING OPERATING PERMITS

GUIDELINES of operation for the granting of the operating authorizations of containers subject to pressure, cryogenic containers and steam generators or boilers. 

RFSHMAT Art. 28, 29

NOM-021-STPS-1994, Reporting of accidents on the job.

RFSHMAT Art. 127

NOM-022-STPS-2008, Static electricity in the workplace. Safety conditions. Published in the DOF Nov. 7, 2008 – effective Jan. 7, 2009.
 

RFSHMAT Art. 47

NOM-023-STPS-2003  Work in mines – Occupational Health and Safety conditions.

RFSHMAT  Art. 3, 4, 16, 150 to 154

NOM-024-STPS-2001, Vibrations in the Workplace

RFSHMAT Art. 76

NOM-025-STPS-2008, Conditions of illumination in the workplace.  Published in the DOF on Dec. 30, 2008 – Effective Feb. 30, 2009

RFSHMAT Art. 76

NOM-026-STPS-2008, Colors and signs for Health and Safety and identification of risks from fluids conducted in pipes,  - Published Nov. 25, 2008 - Effective Jan 25, 2009- 

RFSHMAT Art. 17, 24, 45

NOM-027-STPS-2008, Welding and cutting.  (welding, cutting, confined spaces) PUBLISHED NOV. 6, 2008  -  effective Jan. 7, 2009

RFSHMAT Art. 40, 46

NOM-028-STPS-2012, System for the administration of work – Safety in the critical processes and equipment that handle hazardous chemical substances.

RFSHMAT Art. 4, 7, 13, and 17, sections VII and XI,

NOM-029-STPS-2011, Maintenance of electrical installations in the workplace – Safety Conditions. Published in the Official Daily of the Federation Dec. 29, 2011 – effective date March 29, 2012

RFSHMAT art. 4, 17, section I, and 47 to 49
NOM-030-STPS-2009, Preventive services of occupational health and safety – Functions and activities.  Published in the DOF December 22, 2009     RFSHMAT art 4, 17, sections X, 130 to 134, and 142 to 152
NOM-100-STPS-1994, Safety – Pressure Contained Dry Chemical Powder Fire Extinguishers – Specifications

RFSHMAT2, 3 and 5

NOM-101-STPS-1994, Safety – chemical foam based extinguishers.

RFSHMAT   2, 3 and 5

NOM-102-STPS-1994,  Safety – Carbon Dioxide Based Extinguishers- Part 1: Containers

RFSHMAT   2, 3 and 5

NOM-103-STPS-1994,  Safety – pressurized water based fire extinguishers

RFSHMAT   2, 3 and 5

NOM-104-STPS-2001 Takes effect June 17, 2002Extinguishing Agents – Ammonium Monophosphate Based Dry Chemical Powder, Type ABC

RFSHMAT Art. 3, 4, 76-78

NOM-106-STPS-1994,  Safety – Extinguishing Agents – Type BC sodium bicarbonate based dry chemical powders

RFSHMAT 2,3 and 5

NOM-113-STPS-2009, Safety Personal Protective equipment – Protective Footwear – Classification, specifications and testing methods. Published in the DOF December 22, 2009 – Modification published in the DOF December 24, 2010  

RFSHMAT   2, 3 and 5

NOM-115-STPS-2009, Safety- Personal protective equipment – Protective helmets – Classification, specifications and testing methods. 
 Published in the DOF December 22, 2009 – Effective December 22, 2010 – Modification published in the DOF December 24, 2010 – Articles 10.1.1 and 10.1.2 take effect after January 1, 2012.

RFSHMAT    2, 3 and 5

NOM-116-STPS-2009, Safety – Personal protective equipment – Anti-noxious particulate negative pressure air purifying respirators – Specifications and testing methods. Published in the DOF December 22, 2009 – Effective date Dec. 22, 2010 – Modification published in the DOF December 24, 2010 – effective Dec. 24, 2010 – (The certification referred to in 8.11 and 8.12  takes effect January 1, 2012) 

 

RFSHMAT Art. 26-28

NOM-047-SSA1-2011, Environmental Health – Biological Exposure Indices for the personnel occupationally exposed to chemical substances.  Published in the DOF June 06, 2012 – effective date Dec. 03, 2012

 

 

ART. 2 Section I, paragraphs a) and d), 66, 1214, 1220 fraction I and 1226 of the Regulation for the General Law for Health in Sanitary Control of Activities, Establishments, Products and Services,
 
 

 

 

See a Complete list of the translations we offer.

 

- All materials on this site are copyright protected, a purchase is a license for the buyer to use the document - distribution, networking is prohibited.
- All laws, regulations, NOMs are guaranteed to be the latest version.
-  All documents are delivered by email and are in a PDF 2 column Spanish/English format.
-  If you pay with a credit card, you will receive your document shortly after authorization.
-  All prices are in Mexican pesos with the approximate equivalent in US dollars -
-  If you are in Mexico, we must charge 16% IVA. Please select the price with IVA. If your payment originates outside of Mexico, you don't pay IVA.